The Four Dichotomies
Extraverted (E) or Introverted (I)
Extraversion refers to the act or state of being energized by the world outside the self. Extraverts enjoy socializing and tend to be more enthusiastic, assertive, talkative, and animated. They enjoy time spent with more people and find it less rewarding to spend time alone.
Introversion, on the contrary, is the state of being predominately concerned with one’s inner world. Introverts prefer self-reflection to social interactions. They also prefer to observe before participating in an activity. Introverts tend to more quiet, ‘peaceful’, and reserved. Note: Introverts prefer individual activities over social ones—this is not to be mistaken with shy people who fear social situations (“Extraversion”).
Sensing (S) or Intuition (N)
Sensing refers to processing data through the five senses. Sensing people focus on the present and prefer to “learn by doing” rather than thinking it through. They are concrete thinkers recognize details. They are more energized by the practical use of an object/idea rather than the theory behind it.
Intuition refers to how people process data. Intuitive people are keener to the meaning and patterns behind information. Intuitive people are more focused on how the present would affect the future. They are readily able to grasp different possibilities and abstract concepts. They easily see the big picture rather than the details (Myers 57).
types (“The 4 Dichotomies”).
Thinking (T) or Feeling (F)
Thinking refers to how people make decisions. Thinking people are objective and base their decision on hard logic and facts. They tend to analyze the pros and cons of a situation and notice inconsistencies. They prefer to be task-oriented and fair.
Feeling people are more subjective. They base their decisions on principles and personal values. When making decisions, they consider other people’s feelings and take it in account. It is in their best mind to maintain harmony among a group. They are more governed by their heart (Myers 65).
Judging (J) or Perceiving (P)
Judging refers to how people outwardly display themselves when making decisions. Judging people have a tendency to be organized and prompt. They like order prefer outlined schedules to working extemporaneously. They find the outcome more rewarding than the process of creating something. Judging people seek closure.
Perceiving people prefer flexibility and live their life with spontaneity. They dislike structure and prefer to adapt to new situations rather than plan for it. They tend to be open to new options and experiences. While working on a project, they enjoy the process more than the outcome (Myers 194).
An overview of the 16 different personality types and adjectives corresponding to the specific type helps differentiation. The percentage distribution is based on research by the OPP, a distributor of the MBTI and psychology tools used in business (“Type Table”).